react-hotkeys v2.0.0 Release Notes

Release Date: 2019-07-12 // 11 months ago
  • 🚀 This release represents a complete re-write of the internals and much of the interface of react-hotkeys. Mousetrap has been removed as a dependency, and instead react-hotkeys works on the top of the React SyntheticEvent events system.

    ⬆️ > Upgrading from v1.*?

    🚀 > This release is the same as the v2.0.0-pre9 and these release notes contain a summary of the changes moving from v1.* to v2.0.0.

    ⬆️ > Upgrading from v2.0.0-pre*?

    🚀 > Ignore this set of release notes, and follow the notes for each each pre-release starting from the version you are using, up to v2.0.0-pre9.

    💥 Breaking Changes

    __mousetrap__ is no longer available

    ⚡️ Rather unsurprisingly, with the removal of Mousetrap, it's no longer possible to access the private Mousetrap instance to configure it. Many of the use-cases for needing to do so have been covered by API updates described below. If your use-case is not covered, however, please create a new issue.

    🚚 HotKeyMapMixin has been removed

    This was an internal part of react-hotkeys and is no longer used, and so it does not makes sense to continue to provide it.

    🚚 FocusTrap has been removed

    Similar to HotKeyMapMixin, this was an internal part of react-hotkeys and is no longer used, and so it does not makes sense to continue to provide it.

    withHotKeys has been replaced

    🚚 The old withHotKeys function has been repurposed and should not be used in the same way the old one was (more on this later). The old implementation is still available as deprecatedWithHotKeys, but it is no longer officially supported and will be removed in future versions.

    Before:

    import {withHotKeys} from 'react-hotkeys';const ACTION\_KEY\_MAP = { 'changeColor': 'alt+c', };withHotKeys(ACTION\_KEY\_MAP)(HOCWrappedNode);
    

    After (suggested):

    You can write your own function or HoC that supplies the same keyMap to a component passed to it.

    import {HotKeys} from 'react-hotkeys';const ACTION\_KEY\_MAP = { 'changeColor': 'alt+c', };function withActions(keyMap, Component) { return function(props) { return( \<HotKeys keyMap={keyMap}\>\<Component {...props} /\>\</HotKeys\> ); } }deprecatedWithHotKeys(ACTION\_KEY\_MAP)(HOCWrappedNode);
    

    After (to restore old behaviour):

    import {deprecatedWithHotKeys} from 'react-hotkeys';const ACTION\_KEY\_MAP = { 'changeColor': 'alt+c', };deprecatedWithHotKeys(ACTION\_KEY\_MAP)(HOCWrappedNode);
    

    🚚 focused and attach props hav been removed

    The focused and attach props were introduced as a way to bind keymaps that were either always active, or available outside of the React application. They are no longer needed with the introduction of GlobalHotkeys.

    Before:

    import {HotKeys} from 'react-hotkeys';\<HotKeys focused={true} attach={document} keyMap={keyMap} handlers={handlers}\>\<div\> My content \</div\>\</HotKeys\>
    

    After:

    import {GlobalHotKeys} from 'react-hotkeys';\<GlobalHotKeys keyMap={keyMap} handlers={handlers} /\>\<div\> My content\</div\>
    

    🗄 Hard sequences are deprecated and turned off by default

    🐎 Hard sequences (handlers associated to actions with names that are valid key sequence strings that implicitly define actions that are matched by the corresponding key sequence) are now deprecated and turned off by default. They can be re-enabled (at a performance penalty) using the enableHardSequences configuration option:

    import {configure} from 'react-hotkeys';configure({ enableHardSequences: true});
    

    0️⃣ Default key event is now always keydown

    0️⃣ react-hotkeys used to rely on the implicit behaviour of Mousetrap to guess the best key event based on the keys involved (this was, roughly speaking, keydown for non-modifier keys and keypress for modifier keys). Now by default, react-hotkeys will match hotkey sequences on the keydown event (or, more precisely: on the keydown event of the last key to complete the last combination in a sequence).

    If you want to trigger a single action on a different key event, you can use the object syntax and the action attribute to explicitly set which key event you wish to bind to:

    const keyMap = { CONTRACT: 'alt+down', COMMAND\_DOWN: {sequence: 'command', action: 'keydown'}, };
    

    🔧 If you want to change the default key event for all hotkeys, you can use the defaultKeyEvent option of the configuration API.

    Keypress events are now simulated for modifier keys

    💻 Before, you had to rely on Mousetrap guessing the best key event for your key combination (unless you explicitly defined an event) and if you bound to a key combination to a keypress event, it did not work (the browser does not emit these events for modifier keys).

    react-hotkeys now simulates these events internally (they aren't emitted to the rest of your React components) so you do not have to worry about if your key combination includes a modifier key when binding to keypress.

    This shouldn't affect most library consumers, but is listed as a breaking change as it can conceivably cause different behaviour for the same application code.

    stopPropagation() is now observed

    Because react-hotkeys now uses the React event system, event.stopPropagation() now works as expected. If you have event listeners in your React application that call event.stopPropagation() before the event reaches a <HotKeys /> or <GlobalHotkeys /> component that has a keyMap prop, react-hotkeys never sees it.

    If you want to hide that a key has been pressed at all, you will need to capture all 3 of the keydown, keypress and keyup events.

    0️⃣ Key events from input, select and textarea tags are ignored by default

    If you were ignoring key events from certain inputs by overriding the stopCallback function on mousetrap as has been previously suggested, you no longer need to.

    0️⃣ By default, all key events that originate from <input>, <select> or <textarea>, or have a isContentEditable attribute of true are ignored by react-hotkeys.

    🔧 If this is not what you want for your application, you can modify the list of tags using the ignoreTags configuration option or if you need additional control, you can specify a brand new function using the ignoreEventsCondition configuration option.

    Before:

    const mousetrap = this.hotKeys.\_\_mousetrap\_\_;mousetrap.\_\_proto\_\_.stopCallback = (e, element) =\> { // Your custom logic here};
    

    After:

    🔧 (After you've confirmed the default function does not match your use-case):

    import {configure} from 'react-hotkeys';configure({ ignoreEventsCondition: function(event) { const { target: element } = event; // Your custom logic here } });
    

    stopPropagation() is called on events that are ignored

    0️⃣ By default, react-hotkeys calls stopPropagation() on keyboard events that it ignores, at the first <HotKeys> component with a non-empty keyMap prop (or a hard sequence defined in the handlers prop, if hard sequences are enabled). This makes react-hotkeys more efficient, but may be hiding keyboard events from other key listeners you have in place in your React app.

    🔧 You can disable this behaviour using the stopEventPropagationAfterIgnoring configuration option:

    import {configure} from 'react-hotkeys';configure({ stopEventPropagationAfterIgnoring: false});
    

    ⚡️ Updates to keyMaps and handlers after focus are ignored by default

    🐎 For performance reasons, by default react-hotkeys takes the keyMap and handlers prop values when <HotKeys> components are focused and when <GlobalHotKeys> components are mounted. It ignores all subsequent updates to their values when these props change.

    If you need the ability to change them while a <HotKeys> component is still in focus, or while <GlobalHotKeys> is still mounted, then you can pass the allowChanges prop, permitting this behaviour for the particular component.

    import {HotKeys} from 'react-hotkeys';class MyComponent extends React.Component { render() { return ( \<HotKeys keyMap={keyMapThatChanges} handler={handlersThatChange} allowChanges\>\</HotKeys\> ); } }
    

    🐎 If you need to do this for all your <HotKeys> and <GlobalHotKeys> components, you can use the ignoreKeymapAndHandlerChangesByDefault option for the Configuration API. This should normally never be done, as it can have significant performance implications.

    import {configure} from 'react-hotkeys';configure({ ignoreKeymapAndHandlerChangesByDefault: false});
    

    🆕 New features

    💻 Browser keynames are now supported in key sequence definitions

    💻 You can now use browser key names when defining your sequences, in addition to Mousetrap's name for the keys.

    🆕 New withHotKeys HoC - a way to avoid rendering a wrapping div

    If wrapping your component in a DOM-mountable node is not acceptable, or you need more control over how the react-hotkeys props are applied, then the new withHotKeys() HoC is available.

    Simple use-case

    The simplest use-case of withHotKeys() is to simply pass it your component class as the first argument. What is returned is a new component that will accept all of the same props as a <HotKey> component, so you can specify key maps and handlers at render time, for example.

    The component you wrap must take responsibility for passing the hotKeys props to a DOM-mountable element. If you fail to do this, key events will not be detected when a descendant of the component is in focus.

    import {withHotKeys} from 'react-hotkeys';class MyComponent extends Component { render() { /\*\* \* Must unwrap hotKeys prop and pass its values to a DOM-mountable \* element (like the div below).\*/const {hotKeys, ...remainingProps} = this.props; return ( \<div { ... { ...hotKeys, ...remainingProps } } \>\<span\>My HotKeys are effective here\</span\> { this.props.children } \</div\> ) } }const MyHotKeysComponent = withHotKeys(MyComponent);const keyMap = { TEST: 't'};const handlers = { TEST: ()=\> console.log('Test') };\<MyHotKeysComponent keyMap={ keyMap } handlers={ handlers }\>\<div\> You can press 't' to log to the console. \</div\>\</MyHotKeysComponent\>
    

    0️⃣ Pre-defining default prop values

    0️⃣ You can use the second argument of withHotKeys to specify default values for any props you would normally pass to <HotKeys />. This means you do not have to specify them at render-time.

    🔀 > If you do provide prop values when you render the component, these will be merged with (and override) those defined in the second argument of withHotKeys.

    import {withHotKeys} from 'react-hotkeys';class MyComponent extends Component { render() { /\*\* \* Must unwrap hotKeys prop and pass its values to a DOM-mountable \* element (like the div below).\*/const {hotKeys, ...remainingProps} = this.props; return ( \<div { ... { ...hotKeys, ...remainingProps } } \>\<span\>My HotKeys are effective here\</span\> { this.props.children } \</div\> ) } }const keyMap = { TEST: 't'};const handlers = { TEST: ()=\> console.log('Test') };const MyHotKeysComponent = withHotKeys(MyComponent, {keyMap, handlers});/\*\* \* Render without having to specify prop values \*/\<MyHotKeysComponent\>\<div\> You can press 't' to log to the console. \</div\>\</MyHotKeysComponent\>
    

    🆕 New GlobalHotKeys component

    <GlobalHotKeys> components match key events that occur anywhere in the document (even when no part of your React application is in focus). They replace the need for the focused and attach prop.

    const keyMap = { SHOW\_ALL\_HOTKEYS: 'shift+?' };const handlers = { SHOW\_ALL\_HOTKEYS: this.showHotKeysDialog };\<GlobalHotKeys keyMap={ keyMap } handlers={ handlers } /\>
    

    👻 <GlobalHotKeys> generally have no need for children, so should use a self-closing tag (as shown above). The only exception is when you are nesting other <GlobalHotKeys> components somewhere in the descendants (these are mounted before their parents, and so are generally matched first).

    🆕 New IgnoreKeys component

    If you want react-hotkeys to ignore key events coming from a particular area of your app when it is in focus, you can use the new <IgnoreKeys/> component:

    import {IgnoreKeys} from 'react-hotkeys';\<IgnoreKeys\>/\*\* \* Children that, when in focus, should have its key events ignored by \* react hotkeys\*/\</IgnoreKeys\>
    

    🆕 New ObserveKeys component

    0️⃣ The <ObserveKeys /> component (and corresponding withObserveKeys method to avoid wrapper div) are for defining white-list exceptions to the the default ignoreEventsCondition

    <ObserveKeys only={'Escape'}>
      <input
        autoFocus
        onChange={({target: {value}}) => this.setState({ filter: value })}
        value={filter}
        placeholder='Filter'
      />
    </ObserveKeys>
    

    How actions and handlers are resolved

    Regardless of where <GlobalHotKeys> components appear in the render tree, they are matched with key events after the event has finished propagating through the React app (if the event originated in the React at all). This means if your React app is in focus and it handles a key event, it will be ignored by the <GlobalHotKeys> components.

    🚚 The order used for resolving actions and handlers amongst <GlobalHotKeys> components, is the order in which they mounted (those mounted first, are given the chance to handle an action first). When a <GlobalHotKeys> component is unmounted, it is removed from consideration. This can get less deterministic over the course of a long session using a React app as components mount and unmount, so it is best to define actions and handlers that are globally unique.

    🐎 It is recommended to use <HotKeys> components whenever possible for better performance and reliability.

    You can use the autofocus attributes or programmatically manage focus to automatically focus your React app so the user doesn't have to select it in order for hot keys to take effect. It is common practice to place a <HotKeys> component towards the top of your application to match hot keys across your entire React application.

    Can now generate an application key map

    It's now possible to generate a list of hotkeys for the application to display to the user.

    🆕 New innerRef prop

    Thanks to #124, <ReactHotkeys /> now accepts an innerRef prop:

    class MyComponent extends Component { componentDidMount() { this.\_container.focus(); } render() { return ( \<HotKeys innerRef={ (c) =\> this.\_container = c } \> My focusable content \</div\> ) } }
    

    Key map name, description and groups

    You can now specify name, description and groups for key maps #154 (More info)

    SHOW\_DIALOG: { name: 'Display keyboard shortcuts', sequence: 'shift+?', action: 'keyup' }
    

    Custom key codes

    You can now define custom key codes for WebOS and other environments (#156) (More info)

    import {configure} from 'react-hotkeys';configure({ customKeyCodes: { 10009: 'BackTV' } })
    

    Dynamic key maps at runtime

    You can now set dynamic key maps at runtime (#158) (More info)

    Small changes

    • ✂ Removed upper limit on React peer dependency version.
    • cmd is now an accepted alias for Command/Meta key

    🆕 New Configuration configuration API for global settings

    🔧 The default behaviour across all <HotKeys> and <GlobalHotkeys> components is configured using the configure method.

    🔧 > configure() should be called as your app is initialising and before the first time you mount a <HotKeys> component anywhere in your app.

    🆕 New comprehensive logging

    🌲 react-hotkeys now provides comprehensive logging of all of its internal behaviour and allows setting one of 6 log levels.

    👀 The default level is warn, which provides warnings and errors only, and is generally sufficient for most usage. However, if you are troubleshooting an issue or reporting a bug, you should increase the log level to debug or verbose to see what is going on, and be able to communicate it concisely.

    Optimisations

    🚀 Some improved and additional optimisations have been implemented as part of this release.

    🛠 Bugfixes

    • Possible wrong typescript definition #129
    • ⚠ Warnings in react-hotkeys when using React's strict mode #128
    • Pass handlers to withHotKeys #127
    • export all typescipt types #120
    • 🚀 Child handler doesn't stopPropagation since 1.1.4 release #106

Previous changes from v2.0.0-pre9

  • Potentially Breaking Changes

    • 🔧 The configuration option allowCombinationSubmatches is now ignored when the Cmd key is pressed down (submatches are always allowed when Cmd is pressed). This is to fix the following bug.

    🛠 Bugfixes

    • 🛠 Fix moving between actions bound to the Cmd (Meta) key (e.g.cmd+1 -> cmd+2 without releasing Cmd) #201